10 Highest Mountains in Africa (Plus All African Mountain Peaks)

On the African continent lie plains, mountains, valleys, rivers and desserts. According to an overview of the physical geography of Africa, most of the mountains were formed as a result of volcanic activities.

The mountains provide a home to both wildlife and humans. This list will provide you with information about the ten highest mountains in Africa.

Another interesting read: 11 Interesting Facts About Gambia

#10 – Mount Oku (3,011 meters)

mountain oku

Height in feet (US): 9,879

Do you find volcanoes scary? If you do, then this mountain is not for you. Mount Oku is a volcanic mountain found in Cameroon and is the second highest in West Africa.

It is not the only one, but it is the largest volcano in the Oku Massif range. Locals however, say that this mountain is not dangerous.

It provides a very enjoyable hike with indigenous birds and the very beautiful Lake Oku to see on the way up.

#9 – Mount Meru (3,017 meters)

Mount Meru

Height in feet (US): 9,898

Here is another volcano. Mount Meru is a dormant stratovolcano found in Tanzania. It is the second largest volcano in Tanzania. Fun fact or should I say scary fact, Mount Meru had a minor eruption in 1910 which means that it can erupt at any time.

The slopes of Mount Meru serve as a home to a variety of wildlife inclusive of birds, monkeys, and leopards.

#8 – Jabel Marra (3,042 meters)

Jebel Marra African Mountain

Height in feet (US): 9,980

The Jabel Marra is a long line of volcanic peaks located in Sudan. The highest peak in this range is the Deriba Caldera which rises to a height of 9,980 ft. Jebel Marra, Sudanese Arabic when translated to English means “woman mountains.”

Locals say the range when viewed from the southeast resembles a reclining woman.

#7 – The Drakensberg (3,475 meters)

The Drakensberg

Height in feet (US): 11,400

The Drakensburg is the name of the portion of the Great Escarpment located in South Africa and Lesotho. Its highest peak, Thabana Ntlenyana, is located in Lesotho.

Thabana Ntlenyana when translated means little mountain which is quite ironic because it is the highest point in Lesotho and the highest mountain in South Africa.

What a lucky mountain, to be in two countries at the same time. The range, however got its name from the Dutch and when translated means “Mountains of Dragons.”

#6 – Atlas Mountains (4,165 meters)


Height in feet (US): 13,671

The Atlas Mountains is a range of mountains in the Maghreb. This range stretches across not one, not two but three countries in North Africa. These countries are Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.

Its highest range Jebel Toubhkal rises up to 4,165 meters or 13,671 ft and is found in Morocco. The Atlas Mountains are the habitats of plant and animal species such as Babary macaque and the Atlas Mountain badger which are indigenous to Africa.

#5 – Mount Elgon (4,321 meters) or 14,177ft

Mount Elgon Uganda

Height in feet (US): 14,177

Mount Elgon is another volcanic mountain located in Uganda and Kenya. We all can breathe a sigh of relief for this one as it is extinct.

Wagagai, its highest point, is located within Uganda. Mount Elgon intact caldera is one of the largest in the world.

The caldera also has hot springs which make the journey to the top of the mountain worthwhile. The slopes of Mount Elgon are home to the Bantu-speaking Gishu people.

#4 – Simien Mountains (4,533 meters)

Simien Mountains Ethiopia

Height in feet (US): 14,930

The Simien Mountains are found in northern Ethiopia. They form a part of the Ethiopian Highlands. They are called the Simien Mountains but there are a whole lot of things going on up there. Plateaus, separated by valleys are found at the peaks.

The highest peak is Ras Dashen. The Simien Mountains are pretty special as they are a World Heritage Site.

Ethiopian wolves, gelada and caracal are few of the animals that call the Simien Mountains home. An interesting fact about the Simean Mountains is that snow regularly falls at the peak.

#3 – Mount Stanley (5,109 meters)

mount stanley Congo

Height in feet (US): 16,765

Mount Stanley is the highest mountain for both the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda. At 5,109 m (16,765 ft) it is the third highest mountain in Africa and is so high that glaciers can be found at the top.

Apparently, there are no sunny days on this mountain as it is almost always covered in mists and experiences frequent rainfall accompanied by thunder and lightning.

The mountain was named after Henry Morton Stanley, an explorer, who discovered it in 1888.

#2 – Mount Kenya (5,199 meters)

Mount Kenya African Mountains

Height in feet (US): 17,057

Did the country get its name from the mountain or did the mountain get its name from the country?

Reaching up to 5,199 m (17, 057 ft), Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second highest in Africa. The Batian peak is its highest peak.

The answer to the very thought provoking question asked, the Republic of Kenya got its name from Mount Kenya. Mount Kenya, a stravolcano, is covered in ice.

This mountain serves as the life source for the Kikuyu, Maasai and Embu peoples.

#1 – Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895 meters)

mt kilimanjaro

Height in feet (US): 19,341

The big, bad Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano with three volcanic cones with Kibo its highest peak. I know where I won’t be going. It rises up to 5,895 m (19, 341ft) making it the highest mountain in Tanzania and on the continent of Africa.

Despite having three volcanic cones and being a dormant volcano, many brave hearted people hike to the top of the mountain every year.

It really is not that dangerous to hike though, the only deaths that occur on the mountain are due to acute mountain sickness and the rare freak storm.

So do not be afraid to take a hike up Mount Kilimanjaro, who knows you might just see me on the way up one day in the very far future.

Another great read: Most Beautiful African Flags

Comprehensive List of Highest Mountain Peaks in Africa

RankMountainHeight (meters)RangeCountry
1Kibo (Uhuru Pk)5,895KilimanjaroTanzania
2Mount Kenya (Batian)5,199Mount KenyaKenya
3Mawenzi (Hans Meyer Pk)5,148KilimanjaroTanzania
4Ngaliema / Mt Stanley
(Margherita Pk)
5,109RwenzoriDR Congo
 4Mount Kenya (Lenana)4,985Mount KenyaKenya
 4Ngaliema / Mt Stanley
(Savoia Pk)
5Duwoni / Mt Speke
(Vittorio Emanuele Pk)
6Kiyanja / Mt Baker (Edward Pk)4,844RwenzoriUganda
7Mount Emin (sv) (Umberto Pk)4,798RwenzoriDR Congo
8Mount Gessi (sv) (Iolanda Pk)4,715RwenzoriUganda
 8Mount Luigi di Savoia (de) (Sella Pk)4,627RwenzoriUganda
9Mount Meru (Socialist Pk)4,566Mount MeruTanzania
10Ras Dashen4,550Semien MountainsEthiopia
11Karisimbi4,507Virunga MountainsDR Congo
 11Ancua / Ankwa / Weynobar4,462Semien MountainsEthiopia
12Kidis Yared4,453Semien MountainsEthiopia
13Mikeno4,437Virunga MountainsDR Congo
14Bwahit4,437Semien MountainsEthiopia
15Portal Peaks (Kihuma)4,391RwenzoriUganda
16Tullu Demtu4,377Bale MountainsEthiopia
17Mount Elgon (Wagagai)4,321Mount ElgonUganda
 17Mount Elgon (Sudek)4,302Mount ElgonKenya
18Amba Farit4,270Kollo MassifEthiopia
19Abune Yosef / Guliba Amba4,260Lasta MassifEthiopia
19Ioll / Yoll4,220Kollo MassifEthiopia
20Bada4,195Arsi MountainsEthiopia
21Kaka / Kecha / Chiqe4,193Arsi MountainsEthiopia
22Jbel Toubkal4,167Toubkal AtlasMorocco
23Muhavura4,127Virunga MountainsRwanda
24Hey / Hay4,125Semien MountainsEthiopia
25Guna4,120Guna MassifEthiopia
26Choqa / Choke / Birhan4,100Choqa MountainsEthiopia
 26Ouanoukrim4,088Toubkal AtlasMorocco
27Chilalo4,071Arsi MountainsEthiopia
28Mount Cameroon4,070Cameroon lineCameroon
29Inatye4,070Semien MountainsEthiopia
30Ighil Mgoun4,068Central High AtlasMorocco
 30Weshema / Wasema4,030Bale MountainsEthiopia
31Oldoinyo Lesatima4,001Aberdare RangeKenya
32Jebel n’Tarourt / Tifnout / Iferouane3,996Toubkal AtlasMorocco
33Muggia3,950Lasta MassifEthiopia
34Dubbai3,941Tigray MountainsEthiopia
 34Taska n’Zat3,912Toubkal AtlasMorocco
 34Aksouâl3,903Toubkal AtlasMorocco
35Mount Kinangop3,902Aberdare RangeKenya
36Cimbia3,900Kollo MassifEthiopia
36Anrhemer / Ingehmar3,892Toubkal AtlasMorocco
37Ieciuol3,840Kollo MassifEthiopia
 37Kawa / Caua / Lajo3,830Bale MountainsEthiopia
 37Pt 38203,820Kollo MassifEthiopia
38Jbel Tignousti3,819Central High AtlasMorocco
39Filfo / Encuolo3,805Arsi MountainsEthiopia
40Kosso Amba3,805Lasta MassifEthiopia
 40Jbel Ghat3,781Central High AtlasMorocco
41Baylamtu / Gavsigivla3,777Lasta MassifEthiopia
42Ouaougoulzat (fr)3,763Central High AtlasMorocco
43Somkaru3,760Bale MountainsEthiopia
44Abieri3,750Semien MountainsEthiopia
45Arin Ayachi3,747East High AtlasMorocco
46Teide3,718TenerifeCanary Islands
47Visoke / Bisoke3,711Virunga MountainsDR Congo
48Sarenga3,700Tigray MountainsEthiopia
49Woti / Uoti3,700Eastern EscarpmentEthiopia
 49Pt 3700 (Kulsa)3,700Arsi MountainsEthiopia
50Loolmalassin3,682Crater HighlandsTanzania
51Biala3,680Lasta MassifEthiopia
52Azurki / Azourki3,677Central High AtlasMorocco
53Pt 36453,645Lasta MassifEthiopia
54Sabyinyo3,634Virunga MountainsRwanda
DR Congo
55Mount Gurage / Guraghe3,620Gurage MountainsEthiopia
 55Angour3,616Toubkal AtlasMorocco
56Jbel Igdat3,615West High AtlasMorocco
57Jbel n’Anghomar3,609Central High AtlasMorocco
 57Yegura / Amba Moka3,605Lasta MassifEthiopia
58Pt 3600 (Kitir)3,600Eastern EscarpmentEthiopia
59Pt 36003,600Lasta MassifEthiopia
60Bar Meda high point3,580Eastern EscarpmentEthiopia
61Jbel Erdouz3,579West High AtlasMorocco
62Mount Gugu3,570Mount GuguEthiopia
63Gesh Megal3,570Gurage MountainsEthiopia
64Gughe3,568Balta MountainsEthiopia
65Megezez3,565Eastern EscarpmentEthiopia
 65Pt 35553,555Lasta MassifEthiopia
66Jbel Tinergwet3,551West High AtlasMorocco
67Amba Alagi3,550Tigray MountainsEthiopia
68Chemnirot (Kamelogon Pk)3,530Cherangani HillsKenya
69Gara Guda /Kara Gada3,530Salale MountainsEthiopia
70Amonewas3,530Choqa MountainsEthiopia
71Amedamit3,530Choqa MountainsEthiopia
72Igoudamene3,519Central High AtlasMorocco
 72Abuye Meda3,505Eastern EscarpmentEthiopia
73Thabana Ntlenyana3,482DrakensbergLesotho
74Mont Mohi (fr)3,480Mitumba MountainsDR Congo
 74Gahinga3,474Virunga MountainsUganda
75Nyiragongo3,470Virunga MountainsDR Congo

Sources: Peaklist.org

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  1. Thank you.

  2. Lenaipa Daniel Losieku

    Wonderful Africa. My home , my heritage.

    Love it.

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