Most Developed Countries in Africa - Comprehensive Ranking for 2018

Most Developed Countried In Africa From Poor To Rich

Africa sure has come a long way; but we have so much farther to go in the great scheme of things.

To look at how far we've come, we've put together this list that highlights the most developed countries in Africa; they are the beacon of hope and a foreshadowing of what is hopefully ahead.

What is the Human Development Index?

The United Nations defines the Human Development Index (HDI) as an economic tool that measures indicators of achievement in key areas of human development: longevity, literacy, and income distribution.

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A disadvantage of this economic tool is that it only represents a small part of human development. It does not give a clear picture of the income distribution, levels of poverty, human security, and empowerment within a country.

10 Most Developed African Nations

These are the nations leading the way in Africa, ranked according to the Human Development Index Metrics Published in 2018. Let us examine each one in greater detail, shall we?

#10 - Cape Verde

Cape Verde is an archipelago of islands located 570 km off the coast of West Africa. Cape Verde’s backdrop of mountains, rugged seaside villages, undulating landscape and beautiful beaches make it attractive to tourists and by extension foreign investors who contribute to the GDP of the country. In 2015, Cape Verde had a Human Development Index value of 0.648. This value ranked it at 122 out of 188 countries and placed it in the medium development category. Citizens of Cape Verde are expected to live until they are 74 years old. The average person will go through 13.5 years of schooling and the GNP per capita is US$6,049. Related: Fun facts about Cape Verde

#9 - South Africa

South Africa is a country located at the southernmost tip of Africa. Its economy which is said to the second largest in Africa after Nigeria is supported by the agricultural sector, industry sector and tertiary services sector, the latter being the main contributor. Like Cape Verde, South Africa’s Human Development Index of 0.666 placed it in the medium development category and positioned it three spaces in front of Cape Verde (119) on the list of developed nations. The average South African should go through 13 years of schooling and is expected to die at 53.4 years of age. The GNP per capita is US$9,594. Related: Fun facts about South Africa

#8 – Egypt

Did you know that it is possible to be in two places at once? Egypt is the country that is located on two continents: Africa and Asia. The economy of Egypt depends on media, agriculture, natural gas, and tourism. At the end of 2015, Egypt had a Human Development Index value of 0.691. This value allowed it to jump several spaces on the list of most developed nations to end up in the 111th position out of 188 countries and territories. Categorized as a medium developed country, Egyptians are expected to live until they are 71.3 years old and to undergone 13.1 years of schooling. The average Egyptian is supposed to be earning US$10,061 annually. Related: Fun facts about Egypt

#7 – Gabon

Gabon is an African nation located in Central Africa. In Gabon oil is king and is a major contributor to the country’s GDP. The economic forecast of Gabon is not a rosy one as oil production is on a decline and reserves are expected to run out by 2025. Gabon is classified as a medium developed country with a Human Development Index value of 0.697. It is ranked 109th out of 188 countries and territories. The average Gabonese is expected to live until he is 64.9 years old and to spend 12.6 years in school. A Gabonese’s annual income is supposed to be US$19,044. Related: Fun facts about Gabon

#6 – Botswana

Botswana, a landlocked country, is located in Southern Africa. It is said to be one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world with a population of just over 2 million people. The economy of Botswana relies on mining, cattle, and tourism. Botswana has one of the fastest growth rates in per capita in the world and with sound fiscal policies, economists predict even more growth in the future. Which is right since this country has the largest diamond mine in the world. Botswana has a Human Development Index value of 0.698 which classifies it as a medium developed country and gives it a 108th ranking out of 188 on the list of most developed nations in the world. The average Motswana is expected to live until he is 64.5 years old and to go through 12.6 years of schooling. Batswana are expected to earn US$14,663 annually. Related: Fun facts about Botswana

#5 – Libya

Libya is located in North Africa. The main contributor to the economy of Libya is oil production. Libya is home to the largest oil reserves in Africa. Libya is one of eight African countries to be classified as having an ‘Upper Middle Income Economy by the World Bank.’ At the end of 2015, Libya had a Human Development Index value of 0.716 which placed it in the High human development category and a ranking of 102 out of 108 countries and territories. Libyans are expected to live until they are 71.8 years of age and to undergo 3.4 years of schooling. Annually, a Libyan is supposed to be earning US$14,303. Related: Fun facts about Libya

#4 – Tunisia

Tunisia is a country located in North Africa. The economy of Tunisia depends on the manufacturing, services, tourism and mining sector with the services sector contributing the most to the GDP. The World Economic Forum ranked Tunisia as the most competitive country in Africa in 2009. At the end of 2015, Tunisia had a Human Development Index value of 0.725. This value placed it in the high human development category and a ranking of 97 out of 108 countries and territories. The average Tunisian is expected to live until he is 75 years old and to undergo 14.6 years of schooling. At the end of the year, a Tunisian is supposed to be US$10,249 richer. Related: Must see places when visiting Tunisia

#3 Algeria

Algeria, the largest country in Africa, is also located in the north and happens to share borders with Tunisia. Algeria is another country whose economy is dominated by oil but it is working towards diversifying the economy in order to reduce youth unemployment. Algeria has a Human Development Index value of 0.745 which places it in the high human development category and the 83rd position of 188 countries and territories. Algerians are expected to live until they are 75 years old and to undergo 14.4 years of schooling. The GNP per capita is US$ 13,533. Related: Fun facts about Algeria

#2 – Mauritius

Known for its white, sandy beaches, blue, crystal clear waters, breathtaking waterfalls and lush flora and fauna, Mauritius is an island nation off the southern coast of Africa. The economy of Mauritius is boosted by its agricultural, tourism, and service sectors. The economy of Mauritius is fertile ground for local and foreign investors. Mauritius’ Human Development Index value is 0.781. This value places it in the high development category and gives it a ranking of 64th out 188 countries and territories. The average Mauritian is expected to live to see his 75th birthday and to spend 15.2 years in the education system. The average Mauritian is supposed to take home US$17,948 annually. Related: Fun facts about Mauritius

#1 – Seychelles

Seychelles is an archipelago of 115 countries that lies 1,500 km off the coast of Eastern Africa. The economy of Seychelles largely depends on tourism, agriculture, and fishing with tourism industry employing most of the labor force. Although it is the African country with the highest GDP, Seychelles is plagued by income equality and low wealth distribution which results in poverty of some its citizens. Seychelles’ has a Human Development Index value of 0.782 making the most developed nation in Africa. It is ranked at 63 out of 188 countries and territories. The average Seychellois is expected to live until he is 73.3 years old and to spend 14.1 years in the education system. The GNP per capita is $US 23, 886. Related: Fun facts about Seychelles

Comprehensive Ranking of the Development of African Nations

African Ranking Rank Worldwide 2017 Published Estimates HDI Metric
1 63 Seychelles 0.782
2 64 Mauritius 0.781
3 83 Algeria 0.745
4 94 Tunisia 0.725
5 96 Libya 0.716
6 106 Botswana 0.698
7 108 Gabon 0.697
8 110 Egypt 0.691
9 116 South Africa 0.666
10 122 Cape Verde 0.648
11 123 Morocco 0.647
12 125 Namibia 0.640
13 136 Republic of the Congo 0.592
13 135 Equatorial Guinea 0.592
15 139 Ghana 0.579
15 139 Zambia 0.579
17 142 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.574
18 146 Kenya 0.555
19 149 Swaziland 0.541
20 150 Angola 0.533
21 151 Tanzania 0.531
22 152 Nigeria 0.527
23 153 Cameroon 0.518
24 154 Zimbabwe 0.516
25 155 Mauritania 0.513
26 156 Madagascar 0.512
27 159 Rwanda 0.498
28 161 Lesotho 0.497
28 162 Comoros 0.497
30 163 Senegal 0.494
31 163 Uganda 0.493
32 166 Sudan 0.490
33 167 Togo 0.487
34 168 Benin 0.485
35 169 Malawi 0.476
36 170 Ivory Coast 0.474
37 172 Djibouti 0.473
38 173 Gambia 0.452
39 174 Ethiopia 0.448
40 175 Mali 0.442
41 176 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.435
42 177 Liberia 0.427
43 178 Guinea-Bissau 0.424
44 179 Eritrea 0.420
45 180 Sierra Leone 0.420
46 181 Mozambique 0.418
46 182 South Sudan 0.418
48 183 Guinea 0.414
49 184 Burundi 0.404
50 185 Burkina Faso 0.402
51 186 Chad 0.396
52 187 Niger 0.353
53 188 Central African Republic 0.352
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